4/22/11 Outline
Supernatural: What is it and Why is it popular?
---Covers the entire paper in a few sentences
------Urban Legends, Myths, Legends, TV, Movies
------Human Monsters ( mentally)
-Section 1 or 2
---Socrates, Plato Maybe won't add????????
-Section 1 or 2
---It's everywhere
-----in literature
--------How has it changed.
-----------Christian literature
---Movies, and TV
-Section 3
----Urban Legends and Folktales
---Being so widespread
-Section 4
---Urban Legend, Myth (Bloody Mary)
-----The actual legend
------The different versions
------ How they changed
------Why they changed
---Urban Legend, Myth (The Hook Man)
-----The actual legend
-----The different versions
-----How they changed
-----Why they changed
-Section 5
---Why are they so popular
---Will they always be popular
---Which kind of entertainment is more popular
-Section 6
---Past supernatural
---Scary and Slasher Flicks ( Are they the same?)
---Supernatural or human killers?
---Summerize entire 5 sections.

Annotated Bibliography number 13
de Caro, Frank 2009. "An Anthology of American Folktales and Legends"
It is a big giant collection on all the famous and folktales and urban legends that have probably been changed and transfered into television shows and movies. It is written recently and can also be used as an example, it can also help find commen themes and elements that all the stories share.
Annotated Bibliography number 12
Asma, Stephen T. 2009, "On Monsters: An Unnatural History of Our Worst Fears"
Humans have been fascinated in the supernatural almsot forever. This explains why and even goes into the monsters and urban legends of the past, the present, and what will is heading for the future. The book covers the exact subject as my paper and it was written in the past two years.
Annotated Bibliography number 11
Francis, Scott, 2007 "Monster Spotter's"
Monsters are everywhere and almost small town has one, and in this book it names pretty much a lot of them in North America. It gives you the stats of the towns' "monster" and accounts on how it became known. The book usses a lot of common elements that you would find when reading about an actual urban legend. The book is not useful in what I am writing but can be used as an example in itself. It is a book written about the supernatural and it's purpose is to entertain.
Annotated Bibliography number 10
Altschiller, Donald. Oct 15, 2001"Encyclopedia of Urban Legends". (Reference).(Review)(Brief Article)." Library Journal. 126. 17 :
It's a snipit about the "Encyclopedia of Urban Lengends. The article does not show all of the urban legends that the encyclopedia does, but it does prove a keypoint for my research and that is why it is a good source. because it proves that these things are so popular that an entire encycopedia was created just for this one subject.
Annotated Bibliography number 9
Taylor, Colin,1994. "Native American Myths and Legends." Publishers Weekly 241.25
Native Americans did not just use myths for entertainment, but also to set rules forth in their community. It was a code that instructed them on behavior and other life decisions. The article was written in 1994 which was many years ago, and a more recent article with more findings would be a better resource.
Annotated Bibliography number 8
Lovecraft, H. P 2003. "Supernatural Horror in Literature." DISCovering Authors. Online ed. Detroit: Gale,. Student Resource Center - Junior. Gale. Adams City
The article revolves around the most famous supernatural horrer novel, Bram Stoker's "Dracula" It's the very first eerie vampire that is very frightning and lives in the creepy castle with the creepy atmosphere. That discription is not how the modern day vampire books are described and it shows how much things have changed. Since the time period it was written in is 2003, it does not show more recent elements. Alot of other books have been written since then so many other changes could have occured.
Annotated Bibliography number 7
Osman, Christine (2008) "Urban Legends: Fact or Fiction"
This website explains how important urban legends are. They explain the possibilities of them and how to prove if they are true or not based on it is popularity on the internet. Site is old but that dooesnt matter because it is not describing a certain event.
Annotated Bibliography number 6
Debra Lyman Gniewek (2008) "Is That Really True?"
This website explains the unreliability of the myths and legends. This is known because there are multiple versions of stories. Urban legends also follow strict rules and they can always be explained and understood by watching a movie. The website can not be reliable because the urban legends they talk about prove a point about the relyability of websites. Whoever wrote it wants everyone to know if a website is "Reliable or Deniable". Since I am not using the source for the correct purpose it can cause a problem.
Annotated Bibliography number 5
Baker, Jennifer P. Oct. 2009 "Tricky tales." Calliope: 36+. Gale Student Resources In Context
This source is a good one that gives the definition of myths, legends, folktales and fables. I ignored the folktales and fable because that is not really what the essay is about. The difference between myths and legends is important because they are not the same thing, According to the website a myth revolves around supernatural creatures and legends do not. The year the site was made is irrelevant because it is just clarifying between the two terms and I found it using the databases so it should be relevant.
Annotated Bibliography number 4
(2007) "A Genre Changing"
An article I found was about chritian literature, it didnt really show me what I wanted but I did pave the way for me to figure out what that was. My review is in the bibliography below. I want to stick more with supernatural elements and myths and legends. It is another article that talks mostly about how religion has changed into books. The article was not really what I was looking for because it does not talk about supernatural elements as much as it does about angels and demons and how the books do not even have to have a supernatural element.
Annotated Bibliography number 3
Matlock, Mark. (2009) "Supernatural truth and fiction.(entertainment)(Column)." Campus life's ignite your faith. 67. 7 (Spring 2009): 18(1). Student Resource Center - Junior. Gale. Adams City High School. 27 Mar. 2011
The short little article is set up with a beginning question and an answer to it. The question really just restates part of my essay, and mostly covers supernatural t.v. shows and why they are so popular. It also gives out good reasons why but then it takes on a religious view, The authors bias on the subject is very very clear and it says that we look at the supernatural for a greater closeness to Jesus and find out spot in a "Great War". That part of the article probably makes it a iffy source due to the opinion and the turn to religion being so strong.
Annotated Bibliography number 2
Radford, Benjamin Skeptical Inquirer 34.6 (2010): 35. (2011) "Monster mayhem."
Student Resource Center - Gold. Web. 26 Mar. 2011
The website revolves around why the genre of the supernatural is so popular to the human kind. It explains that we like a mystery and being in suspense and pretty much explains it in different ways. It does not just talk about t.v. shows and movies, but also talks about the supernatural element in books and now how it has a romantic twist. It is a very recent article dating to this year but it it gets a lot of its info from a different article name Skeptical Inquirer, so maybe it is not to reliable.
Annotated Bibliography number 1
Starz & Encore Channel (2011) "Documentary: Slasher Films Going to Peices"
The documentary was about the slasher films of the 80's. They ranged from over the entire decade with movies from "Friday the 13th" and "My Bloody Valentine" to "The Nightmare On Elm Street" series. The film did not just show how the movies were made but also explained the techniques and why the movies were so famous, especially to teenagers. It explained how the movies have changed over the years. Even though the documentary was created this year, the subject is only for the certain decade and many things have changed since then.

I found a great source on urban legends and whether they can be called true or not. I used the Ebesco database.
-"They are genuinely drawn to this modern folklore, one that illustrates the most profound fears of society."
-friend of a friend
-Urban legends are popular stories alleged to be true which spread from person to person via oral or written communication.
-believed and pausible
-second hand source

Debra Lyman Gniewek (2008) "Is That Really True?"

-Ubanlegends/modern day myths
-around for many years
-Mostly false but told as true
-chain letters, mouth, television, internet
-Passed around without finding the truth
-Funny Interesting Weird
-Websites devoted to urban legends
Urban legends fact or fiction


I want to add a few myths into my paper and show how there are many different ways that the legend is told. Since my paper revolves around legends myths and that type of things I have to know the difference. (GAle Student Resource in Context)
ALL-Spoken orally and passed down from generation to generation
-Deals with supernatural beings
-explain the origins of things, aspects of the world, or customs and habits of individuals and groups
-Trojan Horse, Pandora's box, and Jason and the Argonauts.
-Based on historical fact
-Doesnot include unnatural elements
-Robin Hood and the tale of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table

Baker, Jennifer P. Oct. 2009 "Tricky tales." Calliope: 36+. Gale Student Resources In Context.

So the supernatural elements revolve around Myths, but can't they be called legends because a lot of people can mistake them for being true. Some myths that I will add will be sourced from the library books I bring. So now I will keep getting info on stidies on how the elemnts have changed in generations and on why people are so into the supernatural elements. I also want to see how many times I can type the word supernatural in this one research essay.

Since I found a great source using the Gale databases I used it again. It is a short little thing composed of a few sentences that asls "What do you think of shows like Fringe, Lost, Supernatural, and Ghost Whisperer?"
-Hungry for mystery
-"We're all a little desperate to believe in something beyond the physical, material world--something unexplainable and powerful and bigger than us."
-Like being scared by stories
-"...can juice us with a little thrill about what possibilities might be waiting out there for us beyond the cold, hard facts of science."
-"Beyond what our eyes see"

Matlock, Mark. (2009) "Supernatural truth and fiction.(entertainment)(Column)." Campus life's ignite your faith. 67. 7 (Spring 2009): 18(1). Student Resource Center - Junior. Gale. Adams City High School. 27 Mar. 2011

Using the Student Resource Center database I found the article below. A good quote to use is "Monsters are everywhere these days--atleast in pop culture."
-"ntrest in paranormal predators have never been higher"
-"While there is an undeniable entertainment element to monsters, there can also be a more serious side"
-"In fact, polls show that many Americans do believe in ghosts and haunted houses."
--People believe this because of movies and tv. It has all become realistic
-"Monsters, both real and imagined, have fascinated mankind for millennia."
--Ghosts, vampires,zombies, Frankinstein
-People are tryingto prove supernatural is real
--Zombie DNA testing
--Ghost Hunters
-TrueBlood (Sookie Stackhouse Novels) Charlaine Harris
-"Books with a supernatural emphasis accounted for $1.37 billion in sales in 2008 (Romance Writers of America 2009). "
-"While vampires are currently running rampant among the pages of these tales, other supernatural superstars are also emerging. Werewolves, time travelers, shape shifters, ghosts, and even angels are making their way into the imaginations of fans of the genre"
-Penguin Publishing, Supernatural VideoNetwork
-Texting while dead
the massive evidence supposedly compiled over three decades ago for phone calls and radio messages from the dead,

Radford, Benjamin Skeptical Inquirer 34.6 (2010): 35. (2011) "Monster mayhem."
Student Resource Center - Gold. Web. 26 Mar. 2011

3/20 annotated bibliography below.
Starz Channel Documentary Going To Peices Slasher Films
-Original theater of horrer started in France
-Burning at the stake, people dieing, For some reason people wanted to see that
--Halloween 78 cult leader drinking kool-aid safe scare, created Halloween 78
---Freak of nature, Thrill of people who cant die.
---"Can't kill the boogy man"
---"Faceless unstoppable killer that no matter what you do you can't escape"
--Friday the 13th
---Uses a day that already has a background.
--Uses everday things, event that everyone goes to (Prom Night), Holidays, (My Bloody Valentine)
---Twists, Leaves you in suspense
----either guy on roof or hook on door
-Last girl standing has morals.
-Excitment comes form "How is he going to get them"
-Not a lot of gore/alot of gore
-Herions became strong
-People wanted to see how it would be done
-Make it seem real
-Stopped seeming fresh
--Nightmare on Elm Street
---Based on true story, Eastern Philosophy
---Saved by doing impossible
-Blood, Guts, Torture/Cultural, Mind
-Imagination/Sees everything
-Nothing is safe
-Always be around
-Everyone will see them
-Someone is always going to create them
-Not horrible, UglyHorrible, Ugly

My First guiding question is, How has supernatural in literature and entertainment changed over the years?
Key words:
-Supernatural, Myths, Urban Legends
-Entertainmet, Literature, Books, Movies, T.V.
I am going to start with the database Ebesco:
An article I found was about chritian literature, it didnt really show me what I wanted but I did pave the way for me to figure out what that was. My review is in the bibliography below. I want to stick more with supernatural elements and myths and legends. My search next time will be more about why people are attracted to supernatural thrillers are other violence stuff in the entertainment industry. When I was watching that documentary about the slasher films it intrigued me a when they started talking anout how this genre will never die. I could start the research and maybe find psych studies on it and what age group it mostly affects.

3/4/11 IB Pros and Cons
Hogan, Michael. "The road to college." The Wilson Quarterly 31.2 (2007): 9. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 4 Mar. 2011
Con- This short article explains that IB costs a lot of money and is hyped up when AP classes are just as good. This article shows that IB an AP classes are both excellent for academic so AP can be cheaper and better than IB.
"Supertest: How the International Baccalaureate Can Strengthen Our Schools." Education Next 6.1 (2006): 79. Gale Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 4 Mar. 2011.
Pro- IB is used worldwide at a few thousand schools all over the country.

2/17/11 Response "Wildes' IMPORTANT OF BEING ERNEST"
Cite: EBSCO Christopher Nassar http://web.ebscohost.com/src/detail?hid=113&sid=34a4b632-737b-4012-8224-42983332f7cc%40sessionmgr112&vid=3&bdata=JnNpdGU9c3JjLWxpdmU%3d#db=ulh&AN=6432873

Response: I find it intersting that Nassar found a theme of child-abuse in the play. I read the play sophmore year and I did not notice that at all. It is apparently an underlying theme in Wilde's works and shows up in many plays. A reason I did not notice that this was a theme was because the play is more like a comedy so like the article said it could be because "it is treated in an extremely ridiculous, nonsensical manner. Nassaar states that Jack is abused due to the fact that Ms Prism, who watched him before, took him for a book and lost the suitcase he was in at the train station. That is insane! It is also pretty cool that Christopher Nassaar notices that Wilde uses thems from other books and turns them funny.

2/9 Interview with college student
I interviewed my boss and she said that when she is writing a research it paper what she does depends on the topic. Of course she spends the bulk of finding the information on the internet, but she also uses her book, the cousre book for the class. She says, "Depending on the topic, I also use the people around me." I have concluded that to make this research paper great I must use a bunch of resources that I have open to me. I also asked my sister what she uses as a first year college student and she said, "Tassi." Using the people around me are important, not just for their thoughts and expertise, but also for editing and feedback.

2/4/11 Response to "Representing Ophelia"

Source Citation:
Showalter, Elaine. "Representing Ophelia: Women, Madness, and the Responsibilities of Feminist Criticism." EXPLORING Shakespeare. Online ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003. Student Resource Center - Junior. Gale. Adams City High School. 4 Feb. 2011 [[http://find.galegroup.com/srcx/infomark.do? &contentSet=GSRC &type=retrieve &tabID=T001 &prodId=SRC-4 &docId=EJ2115515812 &source=gale &srcprod=SRCJ &userGroupName=adamschs &version=1.0]].

Ophelia represents a lot, everything that she does symbolizes something important. Showalter examined her carefully in order to interpret all of it. Everything that Ophelia does repersents the sexuality and the feminine of Hamlet. The way she enters the stage, she sings, dresses, and even the way that Ophelia dies shows feminism. I find it interesting how Showalter suggests that Ophelia's clothes and behavior play into Hamlets behavior. "Ophelia's behavior and appearance are characteristic of the malady the Elizabethans would have diagnosed as female love melancholy, or erotomania", supports that Ophelia could have blamed herself for the actions that took place during the play. She could have assumed that Hamlet went mad and became "woman meloncholy" because of her, which is what Gertrude thought during the beginning. Ofcours Ophelia's madness is a big part of Hamlet and Elaine Showalter states in her essay that in Elizabethian time it was predictable for woman to end up that way. Maybe it's because woman were treated differently and were ordered around like Ophelia was with her father. Another reason could be because they were emotional, The last line of the fifth paragraph says, "theatrical legends reinforced the belief of the age that female madness was a part of female nature, less to be imitated by an actress than demonstrated by a deranged woman in a performance of her emotions.", and that is why the actresses who played Ophelia where great, because they related to they're emotional state. Ophelia was there to show female sexuality but also sensitivity and naiveness. Ophelia represents a lot in Hamlet,// and can be interpreted in many different ways, that also depend on the play that is being read, which all have the fact that she shows sexuality in common. "The case study of Ophelia was one that seemed particularly useful as an account of hysteria or mental breakdown in adolescence, a period of sexual instability which the Victorians regarded as risky for women's mental health." This quote from Showalter's essay proves the point that Ophelia was crazy and did kill herself. Towards the end, a good point is brought up, Hamlet might be overly attatched to his mother but Ophelia id overly attatched to her father. Maybe Hamlet and Ophelia reflect eachother more that just they are mad and if they are really mad are playing it with alterear motives.

Mode writing in: Apa. I think that is what it is. I am becoming psychologist/advocate, along that line.

Possible research topics:
  • Supernatural stuff. Urban Legends in literature and other entertainment NUMBER 1
  • Trauma in lit
  • Mental Diseases.
    • OCD
    • Skitziphrenia
    • Paranoia
  • Current Problems
    • Obesiety
    • Teen pregnancy
    • Violence
      • Domestic
      • Gang
    • Rape
      • age most common, who to mostly be suspect
    • Suicide
    • Murder
      • The prosecuting different degrees of murder
      • Different Degrees, manslaughter, 1st 2nd
    • Terrorism